Fungal Infections and Diseases:

These infections are commonly called 'ringworm', but are not caused by worms. They are superficial infections of the skin, hair or nails caused by a variety of fungi which otherwise live in the soil, on animals, or sometimes only on people. Infections are spread by direct skin contact (with humans or animals), or indirectly from contaminated articles on floors or in the soil. Shared changing rooms and showers are often a source of tinea, while some infections are spread by sharing of items such as towels. People shed tiny pieces of skin all the time and if these contain a small amount of the fungus, it is able to survive in the environment and cause infection in someone else.
Aspergillosis
Candidiasis
Coccidioidomycosis (Valley Fever)
C. gattii Infection
Fungal Nail Infections
Mucormycosis
Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP)
Sporotrichosis
Blastomycosis
Candida auris
Fungal Eye Infections
Histoplasmosis
Ringworm
Talaromycosis
 
Fungal skin infections are caused when fungal spores invade dead keratin cells in the body. The infections are highly contagious and can be transmitted from person to person very easily, but they can also be found in communal spaces. Fungus breeds well in damp, warm conditions, so places like leisure centers, swimming pools, children’s soft play areas, and shared bathrooms can be full of fungus if they are not cleaned properly.
Some of the most frequently occurring fungal skin infections include ringworm, intertrigo, athlete’s foot, and tinea capitis. Though the symptoms of these infections can be unpleasant and irritating, they’re rarely dangerous and can be treated easily with the appropriate topical cream or oral medications.
 
1.Bacterial skin infections:
Bacterial skin infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. Some bacterial infections are mild and easily treated with topical antibiotics, but other infections require an oral antibiotic. Different types of bacterial skin infections include:
cellulitis
impetigo
boils
leprosy
 
2. Viral skin infections:
Viral skin infections are caused by a virus. These infections range from mild to severe. Different types of viral infections include:
shingles (herpes zoster)
chickenpox
Molluscum contagiosum
warts
measles
hand, foot, and mouth diseases
 
3. Fungal skin infections:
These types of skin infections are caused by a fungus and are most likely to develop in damp areas of the body, such as the feet or armpit. Some fungal infections aren’t contagious, and these infections are typically non-life-threatening.
Different types of fungal infections:
athlete’s foot
yeast infection
ringworm
nail fungus
oral thrush
diaper rash
 
4. Parasitic skin infection:
These types of skin infections are caused by a parasite. These infections can spread beyond the skin to the bloodstream and organs. Parasitic infection isn’t life-threatening but can be uncomfortable.
Different types of parasitic skin infections include:
lice
bedbugs
scabies
cutaneous larva migrans

 

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