Yeast infections

 

Most yeast infections are caused by a type of yeast called Candida albicans. Yeast is a fungus that normally lives in the vagina in small numbers. A vaginal yeast infection means that too many yeast cells are growing in the vagina. These infections are very common. When something happens to change the balance of these organisms, yeast can grow too much and cause symptoms. Vaginal yeast infections aren’t considered a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Sexual contact can spread it, but women who aren’t sexually active can also get them. Once you get a yeast infection, you’re also more likely to get another one.

  • Candida Infection of the Bloodstream – Candidemia: Candida infection can happen almost any part of your body. Usually it develops on mucous membranes (in the mouth, genitals etc.) but the infection can also be in your bloodstream. When Candida is in your blood stream, the condition is called Candidemia. Candida infection can spread from your blood stream to other parts of your body (such as your eyes, kidney, liver and brain). If this happens, it is called Invasive Candidemia. People who are healthy do not usually get Candidemia.
  • Genital/Vulvovaginal Candidiasis (VVC): Most yeast infections are caused by a type of yeast called Candida albicans. Yeast is a fungus that normally lives in the vagina in small numbers. A vaginal yeast infection means that too many yeast cells are growing in the vagina. These infections are very common. When something happens to change the balance of these organisms, yeast can grow too much and cause symptoms. Vaginal yeast infections aren’t considered a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Sexual contact can spread it, but women who aren’t sexually active can also get them.
  • Invasive Candidiasis: Invasive candidiasis is an infection caused by a yeast (a type of fungus) called Candida.  Unlike Candida infections in the mouth and throat (also called “thrush”) or vaginal “yeast infections,” invasive candidiasis is a serious infection that can affect the blood, heart, brain, eyes, bones, and other parts of the body. Candidemia, a bloodstream infection with Candida, is a common infection in hospitalized patients.
  • Oral Thrush: Oral thrush — also called oral candidiasis (kan-dih-DIE-uh-sis) — is a condition in which the fungus Candida albicans accumulates on the lining of your mouth. Candida is a normal organism in your mouth, but sometimes it can overgrow and cause symptoms. Oral thrush causes creamy white lesions, usually on your tongue or inner cheeks. Sometimes oral thrush may spread to the roof of your mouth, your gums or tonsils, or the back of your throat.
  • Oropharyngeal/Esophageal Candidiasis ("Thrush"): Candidiasis of the mouth and throat, also known as “thrush" or oropharyngeal candidiasis, is a fungal infection that occurs when there is overgrowth of a yeast called Candida. Candida yeasts normally live on the skin or mucous membranes in small amounts. However, if the environment inside the mouth or throat becomes imbalanced, the yeasts can multiply and cause symptoms. Candida overgrowth can also develop in the esophagus, and this is called Candida esophagitis, or esophageal candidiasis.
  • Tinea Versicolor: Also called pityriasis versicolor. We all have yeast living on our skin. When the yeast grows out of control, a person can get a skin disease called tinea versicolor. Many people get tinea versicolor. It is one of the most common skin diseases in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. People who live in tropical areas may have tinea versicolor year-round.

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